Photovoltaic Modules 

Photovoltaic Modules


Solar Panel Technology

Solar Power Electricity

 

Renogy 100W Watts Solar Panel Mono 100 Watt 12 Volt 12V for RV Boat Battery
$139.99
End Date: Monday Sep-21-2015 14:12:44 PDT
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Renogy 100W Watts 12V Monocrystalline Solar Panel Off Grid Kit for RV Boat
$187.14
End Date: Friday Sep-11-2015 11:35:11 PDT
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Renogy 200 Watts Solar Panel Starter Kit 200W 2 100W 12V Mono Off Grid RV Boat
$341.99
End Date: Wednesday Sep-23-2015 20:29:50 PDT
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Solar Panel Z bracket Mounting Mount Flat Roof Wall Aluminum Set 4 pcs Kit
$12.99
End Date: Wednesday Sep-23-2015 18:39:56 PDT
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Solar Panel PV Off Grid RV Boat 2pcs 100W Watts 200W 12 Volt Mono Cells Charger
$269.99
End Date: Thursday Sep-17-2015 16:51:27 PDT
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Renogy 50 Watts 12 Volts Monocrystalline Efficiency Lightweight Solar Panel
$124.99
End Date: Friday Sep-11-2015 14:38:57 PDT
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Renogy (4) 250W Watt 1000W Monocrystalline Solar Panel for Off/On Grid System
$1,272.99
End Date: Thursday Sep-17-2015 7:09:00 PDT
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Renogy 150W Watts 12 Volt 150 Watt 12V Solar Panel Mono for Off Grid RV Boat
$208.99
End Date: Sunday Sep-13-2015 10:33:33 PDT
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Renogy Solar Panel 200 Watt 2 100W 12V PV Off Grid Kit RV Boat Battery Charger
$332.49
End Date: Tuesday Sep-8-2015 12:05:17 PDT
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Solar Panel 300 Watts 3pcs 100W Monocrystalline 12 Volt RV Boat Off Grid
$399.99
End Date: Sunday Sep-20-2015 20:24:52 PDT
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12 volt dc 100 watt Solar panel polycrystaline photovoltaic PV Off Grid 36 cells
$129.98
End Date: Sunday Sep-20-2015 15:17:23 PDT
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New 100 Watt 100W Photovoltaic Mono Solar Panel 12V RV Boat Off Grid
$119.95
End Date: Saturday Sep-19-2015 12:18:53 PDT
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Solar Panel 100 Watt 12V PV Off Grid system Kit 100W Watts Poly for RV Boat
$185.24
End Date: Saturday Sep-5-2015 16:17:50 PDT
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100 Watt 100W 12V 12 Volt Solar Panel Battery Charger RV Boat Camping Off Grid
$136.99
End Date: Sunday Sep-27-2015 16:30:05 PDT
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15W Solar Panel , Solartec S01PC-15 Solar Module
$30.00
End Date: Saturday Sep-26-2015 8:05:58 PDT
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New Smart 18V 5W Portable Car Boat Power Solar Panel Battery Backup Charger US
$20.99
End Date: Sunday Sep-6-2015 20:34:24 PDT
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Kyocera Solar Panel 120 Watt 12 Volt 12V RV Boat PV Charger Used A Grade Cells
$122.00
End Date: Wednesday Sep-9-2015 13:39:59 PDT
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100W 100 Watt Photovoltaic Solar Panel for Off Grid 12v volt Battery RV Boat
$129.99
End Date: Saturday Sep-19-2015 22:42:45 PDT
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Dow Corning Sylgard 184 Solar Cell / Solar Panel Encapsulation Kit Fresh Product
$48.79
End Date: Monday Sep-14-2015 17:15:03 PDT
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Solar Panel 50 Watt 12 Volt Polycrystalline High Efficiency
$78.99
End Date: Thursday Sep-10-2015 21:18:50 PDT
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Solar Panel Universal Single Arm Pole - Wall Mounting Kit
$35.99
End Date: Wednesday Sep-9-2015 14:14:17 PDT
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500 Watt DIY Solar- 6x6 Mono Cells for DIY Solar Panel High Power Mono Cells
$166.50
End Date: Thursday Sep-24-2015 21:09:52 PDT
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Newpowa 20W Watt 12V Solar Panel + PWM 10A Charge Controller Battery Charger Kit
$68.80
End Date: Tuesday Sep-1-2015 15:20:49 PDT
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100 Watt 100W 12V 12 Volt Flexible Bendable Solar Panel Battery RV Boat Camping
$193.99
End Date: Friday Sep-11-2015 16:00:18 PDT
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100 FEET UL Solar Panel Extension Cable Wire MC4 Connectors 10 AWG - 2000VDC
$53.99
End Date: Monday Aug-31-2015 14:02:01 PDT
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100 Watt 12V Mono Solar Panel Bundle Kit Off Grid for RV Boat
$169.99
End Date: Sunday Sep-20-2015 13:11:22 PDT
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Solar Panel Powered USB Mini 4''fan system for Outdoor Camping Home Cooling
$19.99
End Date: Friday Sep-4-2015 2:24:22 PDT
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COMPLETE KIT 100 W Watt 100W Photovoltaic PV Solar Panel 12V RV Boat Off Grid
$174.99
End Date: Saturday Sep-19-2015 17:06:58 PDT
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SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC-PV WIRE 10 AWG STR 100FT-BLACK 600 VOLT -UL 4703- Made in USA
$46.04
End Date: Sunday Sep-20-2015 14:31:07 PDT
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Solar Panel Cable 10AWG - MC4 PV Extension- 30FT - 600VDC - PV Wire - UL 4703
$18.99
End Date: Sunday Sep-13-2015 10:38:27 PDT
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Solar Panel Powered USB Green 4'' Mini Fan for Outdoor Camping Home Cooling
$19.99
End Date: Monday Aug-31-2015 3:12:39 PDT
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Glow Tech 20 Watt Solar Panel 12V 20W
$45.00
End Date: Thursday Sep-10-2015 9:21:55 PDT
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Semi-Flexible Bendable 100w 100 Watt Lightweight Solar Panel 12v Battery OffGrid
$189.99
End Date: Monday Sep-7-2015 9:29:47 PDT
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USA Stock 5W 10W 20W 40W 80W 100W 160W 180Watt solar panel 12V/24V solar module
$133.99
End Date: Tuesday Sep-8-2015 23:51:28 PDT
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Powerful Solar Attic Fan 60 Watt Solar Panel & Fan at a Great Price!!!
$154.95
End Date: Wednesday Sep-2-2015 18:01:34 PDT
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10 AWG Solar Panel Wire 100’ Power Cable UL 4703 Copper MADE IN USA PV Gauge
$60.00
End Date: Saturday Sep-19-2015 18:44:08 PDT
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Photovoltaic Modules

 These are assembled sets of interconnected solar cells. The photovoltaic modules are commonly known as solar panels and are used as a component in large photovoltaic systems to generate electricity by using light energy from the sun.

  This effect is called photovoltaic effect. A photovoltaic mainly consists of many assembled solar cells. It consists of a transparent front side, encapsulated solar cells and a back side.

 For one to use the cells in a practical demonstration, the cells must be

  • electrically connected to one another and the rest of the whole system
  • protected from moisture as the corrosion could damage the contacts.
  • protected from any mechanical damage from manufacture, transportation, installation and when in use.
  • Most modules are generally rigid but some are flexible, based on thin film cells.

 Thin Film modules

 Thin film cells are advanced third generation solar cells. The advantage is that they produce high efficiency energy conversion at a lower price.

 Third generation offers among others non semi conductor technologies, quantum dot, multi-junction cells and intermediate band solar cell.

Types of 3rd generation solar cells

  • A-SI
  • Cd Te (second generation)
  • CIGS( copper Indium gallium selenide, second generation
  • Nanocrystal solar cell. Of course the research is quite intensive, so expect unexpected and new emerging technology.

 Performance and life time

 The module performance is rated under Standard Test Conditions (STC)

Electrical characteristic of the module includes

  • nominal power measure in W
  • open circuit voltage
  • short circuit current measured in amperes
  • maximum power voltage
  • maximum power current and,
  • module efficiency

 Solar panels are made to withstand heat, cold, rain and hail storms for several years. Many modules come with warranties of guaranteed electrical production for 10 years at 90% of rated power out and 25 years at 80%. With more research and modern manufacturing technologies - expect prices to go down rather rapidly over the next 5-10 years.

 

 

Photovoltaics - Wikipedia, the free encyclope... Photovoltaics (PV) is the name of a method of converting solar energy into direct current electricity using semiconducting materials that exhibit the photovoltaic ...
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Photovoltaic Modu... Photovoltaic Modules These are assembled sets of interconnected solar cells. The photovoltaic modules are commonly known as solar panels ...
Solar panel - Wikipedia, the free encyclope... Solar panel refers to a panel designed to absorb the sun's rays as a source of energy for generating electricity or heating. A PV module is a packaged, connected ...
solar modules, solar panels by Kyocera, Siemens, Solarex ... solar modules and PV solar electric power panels from Kyocera, Siemens, Solarex, Uni-solar, Evergreen, Sharp amd more.
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NREL: Learning - Solar Photovoltaic Technology Bas... Solar cells, also called photovoltaic (PV) cells by scientists, convert sunlight directly into electricity. PV gets its name from the process of converting ...

 

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